Does your Falcon have a high idle? Do you have rev hang for a few seconds after a quick stab at the throttle? Does your car stall when you come to a quick stop? Read this article for some fixes to resolve this fairly common problem.
Idle Air Leaks
The most common cause of a rev hang issue on an EA, EB, ED, EF, EL or AU Falcon is an air leak on the intake manifold. This could be caused by a number of issues:
- Damaged intake manifold gasket or loose intake manifold bolts
- Damaged BBM gasket or loose BBM bolts (between the two halves of the BBM)
- Old, cracked or disconnected vacuum or PCV hoses
- Modified, bored out throttle bodies with poorly sealing or drilled throttle plates are also a common cause of rev hang issues.
To identify the possible cause, use a can of Aerostart or similar spray and go around all seals on the intake side of the engine. If the idle changes when you spray a seal, you have found the leak. The next most likely cause is a poorly adjusted base idle.
How to adjust the Base Idle on your EA EB ED EF EL AU Falcon
This procedure should only be adjusted after checking for air leaks as mentioned above. To correctly set the base idle on an EA-AU Falcon:
- With a fully warm engine, disconnect the Idle Speed Control (ISC) solenoid electrical connector. This solenoid is located on the throttle body.
- Adjust the throttle stop screw on the throttle body so that the engine idles as close to 500rpm as possible.
- Reconnect the ISC valve electrical connector.
You will find the idle jumps when the ISC is plugged back in, but the ECU will now target the idle speed set in the tune.
Low Idle, Stalling or no Idle Assist
If you are having a problem where your engine idle is too low, or does not raise when you turn on your A/C or turn your steering wheel, you may have a faulty ECU. A common fault with EF Falcon ECUs is an ISC circuit failure, preventing the ISC from getting a signal.
To check if this is occurring, use a test light, or volt meter to measure the voltage across the two terminals of the ISC electrical connector when the engine is running. If there is no voltage, you may have an ECU or loom fault. If you suspect wiring, back probe the loom to the ECU to confirm the cause.
If you need a new Idle Speed Control solenoid, we’ve got you covered. Click here to see our list of Idle Speed Control Solenoids.
Adjusting Your Tune
If you follow the steps above and have everything working correctly, there are a number of engine operating parameters we can alter on a J3 Chip that can help with return to idle. These include:
- Idle speed – We can adjust the base idle RPM speed the engine targets in gear, in neutral, with the A/C on or off
- Idle fuel and ignition advance – We can adjust the maps to fix a rich idle. These can affect rev hang and cause hunting when a cam has been fitted
- Dashpot – We can adjust how the EEC controls return to idle airflow
- Cold start enrichment – We can control how much additional fuel the ECU adds when the car is cold (choke)
J3 Chip Options
We can program a J3 chip to suit any modifications made to your engine or driveline, including fuel system, transmission, camshafts, boost etc. See our range of J3 Chips below.
- Stage 1 J3 Chip$209 inc. GSTOur Stage 1 J3 Chip can bypass Smartlock or Smartshield in engine conversions, or convert automatic ECUs to manual.
- Stage 2 J3 Chip$259 inc. GSTOur Stage 2 J3 Chip is suitable for moderate engine modifications, engine conversions or manual conversions.
- Stage 3 J3 Chip$299 inc. GSTOur Stage 3 J3 Chip is suitable for wild engine modifications, including hot cams, turbo kits or supercharged setups.
- J3 Chip and Programmer Kit$329 – $429 inc. GSTThe T.I. Performance J3 Chip and Programmer kit gives you the ability to do your own custom tuning on your E-Series Falcon.
- Full House DIY Tuning Kit$499 – $639 inc. GSTThis Full House DIY Tuning kit contains everything you need to DIY tune your own EA-AU Falcon! Includes a blank J3 Chip, J3 Programmer, TechEdge Wideband O2 Controller & LSU 4.9 Wideband O2 Sensor.
Deleting the ISC
Deleting the ISC or installing a restrictor plate is a common reaction to address idle issues. We do not recommend this for the following reasons:
- No cold engine idle assistance – meaning the car will not idle properly at cold start
- No idle adder to prevent stall – coming to a stop could mean a stall and loss of vacuum assist in the braking system
- No idle adder for steering assistance – prevents stalling when driving around in a car park
- No idle adder for A/C – helps keep the A/C efficient when idling
With a mechanically sound car, addressing the issues outlined above, a good tuner should be able to get any car to idle steadily with zero rev hang, regardless of the mods done to the engine.
Sample cammed Falcon idle video
Here is a sample video of the cold start idle of our modified EF Fairmont on a cold Melbourne morning. The car is fitted with a Wade 1521a camshaft, 42lb injectors and a Powerdyne BD-11a Supercharger.
If you have any other suggestions or ideas that have worked to help with idle control in your car, leave us a comment!